Table 1.

Patient characteristics at baseline:

Patients’ characteristicsPatients with GCA (n=84)Patients without GCA (n=145)P Value
Age, median (range) years75 (60-92)68 (44-96)0.001
Sex, Females, n (%)50 (60)100 (69)0.15
GCAPS category, n (%)
Low risk0 (0)67 (46)<0.001
Intermediate risk18 (21)55 (38)0.01
High risk66 (79)23 (16)<0.001
Halo Score (HS) median (range)
Temporal artery HS13 (0-24)2 (0-17)<0.0001
Axillary artery HS12 (0-21)6 (0-18)<0.0001
Total HS21.5 (2-41)8 (0-29)<0.0001
Clinical features, n (%)
Temporal headache62 (74)102 (70)0.65
Scalp tenderness42 (50)46 (32)0.007
Jaw claudication45 (54)10 (7)<0.0001
Polymyalgic symptoms37 (44)38 (26)0.008
Constitutional symptoms44 (52)30 (21)<0.0001
Any visual disturbance46 (55)62 (43)0.10
Partial or complete vision loss21 (25)9 (6)<0.0001