Table 1.

Baseline and Demographic Characteristics

Maintenance armWithdrawal armTotal
Randomized5052102
Female, n (%)39 (78)47 (90)86 (84)
White, n (%)25 (50)19 (37)44 (43)
Black, n (%)19 (38)22 (42)41 (40)
Hispanic/Latino, n (%)10 (20)12 (23)22 (22)
Age, Years, mean (SD)42.4 (12.9)41.6 (12.5)42.0 (12.6)
Disease Duration, Years, mean (SD)13.6 (8.2)12.2 (7.9)12.9 (8.0)
H/O Lupus Nephritis, n (%)40 (80)38 (73)78 (76.5)
On Baseline Steroids, n (%)18 (36)23 (44)41 (40)
Prednisone Dose, mg, mean (SD)4.8 (2.7)3.3 (1.7)4.0 (2.3)
MMF Duration, Years, mean (SD)6.8 (4.3)6.4 (4.3)6.6 (4.3)
Baseline MMF Dose, mg, mean1,6121,6681,640
SELENA-SLEDAI*, mean (SD)2.4 (1.76)1.9 (1.76)2.2 (1.77)
Positive DsDNA, n (%)35 (70)27 (52)62 (61)
Low C31, n (%)14 (28)9 (17)23 (23)
Low C41, n (%)6 (12)5 (10)11 (11)