Table 1

Pathogen findings in all 224 post-travel stool samples* and for 38 participants reporting MSK symptoms in the follow-up questionnaire

Participants with post-travel stool findings NParticipants reporting post-travel MSK symptoms among participants with stool findings indicated, N (%)
Total22438 (17.0)
No pathogens514 (7.8)
Any pathogen17334 (19.7)
Multiple types of pathogens8618 (20.9)
EPEC9920 (20.2)
ETEC458 (17.8)
EAEC10421 (20.2)
EHEC205 (25.0)
Shigella/EIEC31 (33.3)
Salmonella 61 (16.7)
Campylobacter 131 (7.7)
  • *Six (2.7%) pretravel stool samples were positive for EPEC, four (1.8%) for EAEC and one (0.5%) for Campylobacter; of these, solely a participant with Campylobacter in pretravel stools developed MSK. EAEC was found as the sole pathogen in the same individual’s post-travel stools.

  • EPEC enteropathogenic Escherichia coli; EAEC, enteroaggregative Escherichia coli; EHEC, enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli; EIEC, enteroinvasive Escherichia coli; ETEC, enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli; MSK, musculoskeletal.