Table 1

Characteristics of patients with SLE and HC

Characteristics and clinical manifestationsSLE (n=64)HC (n=31)
Age (years)41 (34–51)23 (22–25)
Sex (female)60 (93.7)6 (19.3)
Duration of disease (years)7 (0.625–15)
SLEDAI-2K11.5 (8–20)
PSL (mg/day)11.25 (0.5–25)
WBC (x 109/L)5.840 (4.327–8.947)
Hb (g/dL)11.1 (9.025–12.375)
Plt (/μL)204 (107.25–262.5)
dsDNA antibody (IU/mL)40 (8.8–140)
C3 (mg/dL)69 (53–94.5)
C4 (mg/dL)11 (7–16.5)
CH50 (CH50/mL)30.3 (13.7–45.85)
C1q (μg/mL)2.8 (1.5–6.75)
g-Cre1.15 (0.217–3.063)
CRP (mg/dL)0.12 (0.04–0.6075)
Ferritin (ng/dL)140 (68–377)
Rash14 (21.8)
Oral ulcers7 (10.9)
Arthritis23 (35.9)
Serositis15 (23.4)
Nephritis35 (54.6)
NPSLE5 (7.8)
  • Data are presented as n (%) or median (IQR).

  • CRP, C-reactive protein; dsDNA,  double-stranded DNA;  Hb, hemoglobin; HC, healthy control; NPSLE, neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus;  Plt, platelet; PSL, prednisolone; SLE,  systemic lupus erythematosus; WBC, white blood cell.