Table 2

Adjusted HRs for the incidence of gout

Adjusted HR (95% CI)p Value
Surgery vs conventional treatment0.60 (0.48 to 0.75)<0.001
Men vs women0.97 (0.74 to 1.28)0.82
Age, per 10 years1.81 (1.49 to 2.19)<0.001
Body mass index, per 10 kg/m21.11 (0.87 to 1.40)0.41
Creatinine, per 1 mg/dL5.95 (2.28 to 15.5)<0.001
Uric acid ≥6.8 mg/dL, yes vs no3.67 (2.89 to 4.64)<0.001
Hypertension, yes vs no1.43 (1.03 to 1.97)0.03
Smoking, yes vs no0.96 (0.72 to 1.27)0.78
Type 2 diabetes, yes vs no1.56 (1.19 to 2.05)0.001
Triglycerides, per 100 mg/dL1.02 (0.96 to 1.09)0.51
Previous cardiovascular events, yes vs no0.90 (0.49 to 1.67)0.74
Drugs associated with gout risk, yes vs no1.39 (1.08 to 1.78)0.01
Alcohol intake, per 1 g/day1.02 (1.01 to 1.04)<0.001
  • A total of 201 events (10%) occurred in the control group, whereas 138 events (7%) occurred in the surgery group during a follow-up for up to 26 years. The adjusted HRs were calculated using a Cox proportional hazards model based on baseline data.