Table 1

Clinical findings of family members affected with chilblain lupus

CharacteristicPatient I.1Patient II.1Patient II.2Patient III.2Patient IV.3
Current age86 years60 years58 years36 years12 years
Age of onset6 years3 years2 months12 years10 years
Chilblain lesions on fingers, toes, nose and ears++++
Ischaemia of fingers and toes+++
Ischaemia of nose and ears++++
Nail dystrophy or nail loss++
Chilblain lesions on thighs+++
Abnormal nailfold capillaries+ND+++
anti-C1q>200 U/mL (<20 U/mL)
  • ANA, antinuclear antibodies; ND, not determined.