Table 2

Baseline data of patients with good or poor long-term renal outcome*

Good outcome (n=83)Poor outcome (n=21)p Value†
ECLAM (median, range)7 (2–10)7 (4–10)0.85
SLEDAI (median, range)19 (4–38)15 (9–24)0.09
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg) (mean±SD)128±17131±170.61
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) (mean±SD)78±1179±80.81
Serum creatinine (mg/dL) (mean±SD)1.04±0.410.80±0.350.07
Proteinuria (g/d) (mean±SD)3.1±2.53.4±2.90.71
Serum albumin (g/dL) (mean±SD)3.0±0.72.8±0.70.11
Serum complement C3 (mg/dL) (mean±SD)57±5552±330.69
uRBCs ≥5/hpf (%)87820.70
WHO class III/IV/Vc/Vd (%)29/60/4/743/52/0/50.55
  • *Long-term renal outcome was defined based on last serum creatinine (≤120% of baseline value for good responders and >120% for poor responders).

  • †By Mann-Whitney U-test for ECLAM and SLEDAI, Fisher's exact test for RBCs, χ2 test for WHO class and unpaired t-test for the other values.

  • ECLAM, European Consensus Lupus Activity Measurement; hpf, high power field; SLEDAI, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index; uRBCs, urinary red blood cells.