Table 1

Patient characteristics, overall and per country

 GenderAge, yearsEducationDAS28DAS>3.2DAS>5.1Uptake of biologicsNo. of comorbiditiesSmoking statusACPA
CountryGDP per capita, 1000 international dollars*No. of patientsFemale, %Mean (SD)University, %Secondary, %Primary, %Mean (SD)N (%)N (%)Current biologic, %Mean (median)Current smoker, %High RF or ACPA, %
Embedded ImageMorocco5.12278648.3 (12.8)1619665.2 (1.6)184 (87)120 (57)41 (18)0.5 (0)159
Embedded ImageEgypt6.53088547.5 (11.3)1919625.3 (1.5)276 (90)176 (57)8 (3)1.0 (1)753
Embedded ImageVenezuela12.42009154.1 (11.3)2036443.9 (1.5)117 (62)47 (25)106 (53)1.1 (1)746
Embedded ImageUruguay15.5308757.7 (10.6)1344443.3 (1.9)12 (40)7 (23)1 (3)1.6 (2)745
Embedded ImageArgentina17.42008855.5 (11.7)1444424.0 (1.3)140 (73)35 (18)74 (37)1.0 (1)1262
Embedded ImageHungary19.62018959.0 (12.9)2655193.9 (1.3)135 (67)36 (18)34 (17)1.9 (2)2381
Embedded ImageItaly30.22287761.3 (11.7)530653.7 (1.4)136 (60)35 (15)93 (41)1.5 (1)1236
Embedded ImageSpain30.62007958.4 (12.4)1632533.3 (1.4)97 (49)17 (9)73 (37)1.1 (1)973
Embedded ImageKorea31.84008456.3 (11.9)2549273.5 (1.4)205 (51)51 (13)31 (8)0.9 (1)967
Embedded ImageJapan34.42078162.9 (12.7)1962203.1 (1.3)88 (44)20 (10)84 (41)1.1 (1)049
Embedded ImageFrance35.04118258.1 (11.8)2844283.1 (1.5) 171 (43)43 (11)249 (61)1.1 (1)1669
Embedded ImageThe UK36.0437959.4 (13.4)336703.7 (1.5)23 (70)6 (18)32 (74)1.2 (1)1267
Embedded ImageTaiwan37.93138253.6 (13.3)2038423.8 (1.3)207 (67)46 (15)32 (10)0.8 (1)973
Embedded ImageGermany37.92097359.3 (12.2)168403.6 (1.6)72 (54)23 (17)96 (46)1.5 (1)1760
Embedded ImageAustria41.82048258.6 (12.7)920713.3 (1.3)106 (53)16 (8)98 (48)1.3 (1)4859
Embedded ImageThe Netherlands42.31396658.8 (13.7)751972.6 (1.1)41 (31)2 (1)48 (35)1.1 (1)4143
Embedded ImageThe USA48.14007756.2 (13.7)593653.6 (1.4)208 (57)55 (15)187 (47)2.1 (2)1445
Total29.539208256.3 (13.0)2540363.7 (1.6)2218 (60)735 (20)1287 (33)1.2 (1)1359
  • Countries are ordered by increasing GDP (international dollars).

  • *International dollars are purchasing power parity adjusted dollars, as per 2011.

  • ACPA, anticitrullinated protein antibody; DAS28, disease activity score with 28-joint assessment; GDP, gross domestic product; RF, rheumatoid factor.