Table 1

Main characteristics of the training structure by country

CountryEstimated number of trainees per year*Length of medical school (months)Length of (mandatory) GIM training prior to rheumatology (months)Length of rheumatology training programme (months)Length of (mandatory) GIM training during rheumatology training programme (months)Total length of (mandatory) GIM training (months)Length from beginning of medical school to end of rheumatology training (months)Clinical competencies (from the 29 prespecified)†Generic competencies (from the 15 prespecified)†Skills and procedures (from the 10 prespecified)†
Albania5720362212029 (100%)0 (0%)1 (10%)
Armenia360242402410825 (86%)11 (73%)8 (80%)
Austria87272270721470 (0%)1 (7%)4 (40%)
Belarus1872122431510829 (100%)8 (53%)5 (50%)
Belgium772363603614424 (83%)13 (87%)10 (100%)
Bosnia17248240481445 (17%)12 (80%)9 (90%)
Bulgaria1072048242412029 (100%)11 (73%)10 (100%)
Croatia3721.5602223.514429 (100%)15 (100%)10 (100%)
Czech Republic572243602413224 (83%)4 (27%)8 (80%)
Denmark19721260122415620 (69%)15 (100%)5 (50%)
Estonia172048991200 (0%)11 (73%)8 (80%)
Finland572072272714429 (100%)12 (80%)10 (100%)
France25720480012029 (100%)5 (33%)10 (100%)
Georgia372242422613229 (100%)1 (7%)0 (0%)
Germany497207236361445 (17%)6 (40%)10 (100%)
Greece127224480241680 (0%)0 (0%)0 (0%)
Hungary77206024241320 (0%)0 (0%)8 (80%)
Ireland4603660488416828 (97%)14 (93%)9 (90%)
Israel872513005115029 (100%)0 (0%)10 (100%)
Italy357216024251446 (21%)1 (7%)10 (100%)
Latvia272363303614122 (76%)0 (0%)6 (60%)
Lebanon284362403614421 (72%)12 (80%)9 (90%)
Lithuania372048242412028 (97%)2 (13%)10 (100%)
Macedonia36051.624051.614417 (59%)6 (40%)10 (100%)
Malta1602748366315628 (97%)15 (100%)9 (90%)
Moldova472362233913028 (97%)15 (100%)10 (100%)
The Netherlands2372072363614429 (100%)15 (100%)4 (40%)
Norway2372472242816828 (97%)15 (100%)10 (100%)
Poland558462.436062.415624 (83%)7 (47%)6 (60%)
Portugal1072460121614415 (52%)7 (47%)5 (50%)
Romania2472048181812029 (100%)5 (33%)9 (90%)
RussiaN/A72122441610829 (100%)13 (87%)9 (90%)
Serbia1072482404814429 (100%)15 (100%)6 (60%)
Slovakia472072242414418 (62%)4 (27%)7 (70%)
Slovenia272272242615612 (41%)2 (13%)6 (60%)
Spain5572048121213227 (93%)9 (60%)4 (40%)
Sweden1866660243014424 (83%)11 (73%)3 (30%)
Switzerland157207224241448 (28%)15 (100%)10 (100%)
Turkey872483604815627 (93%)7 (47%)9 (90%)
Ukraine167260306012322 (76%)5 (33%)4 (40%)
The UK30602860245216829 (100%)15 (100%)9 (90%)
Summary‡13.4 (14.4)70.8 (4.8)20.2 (21.8)45.2 (18.6)12.7 (13.6)32.9 (18.5)139.8 (16.5)21.0 (10.0)8.2 (5.5)7.3 (3.0)
  • *These figures are estimates, as numbers fluctuate and in most of the countries are not readily available. In one country (Russia), the number of trainees was impossible to estimate.

  • †n (%).

  • ‡Mean (SD).

  • GIM, general internal medicine.