TableĀ 1

The cardiac and non-cardiac causes of raised troponin (note this is not an exhaustive list)

CardiacDirect myocardial damage (eg, myocardial contusion)
Infiltrative (eg, amyloidosis and sarcoidosis)
Inflammatory (eg, myocarditis and/or pericarditis, including infective causes)
Ischaemic heart disease (eg, myocardial infarction)
Myocardial demand (eg, tachyarrhythmia)
Myocardial strain (eg, heart failure)
Non-cardiacAcute aortic dissection
Acute respiratory distress syndrome
Chemotherapy
Hypotension/shock
Muscle trauma
Pulmonary embolism
Renal failure
Strenuous exercise
Subarachnoid haemorrhage/stroke
Sympathomimetic drugs