Table 1

Descriptive statistics

FactorNon-GCA (n=41 994)GCA (n=6999)p Value
Age (years), mean (SD)71.9 (10.7)71.9 (10.7)0.978
Gender (male), % (n)28.8 (12 096)28.8 (2016)1.000
BMI (kg/m2)
 Mean (SD)26.6 (5.2)26.6 (5.3)0.736
 Missing, % (n)29.3 (12 325)24.7 (1726)
Smoking, % (n)
 No49.0 (20 573)46.6 (3264)
 Ex23.5 (9859)26.8 (1878)<0.001***
 Current13.3 (5601)16.5 (1156)
 Missing14.2 (5961)10.0 (701)
Alcohol, % (n)
 No13.9 (5837)16.0 (1121)
 Ex5.7 (2409)6.5 (457)0.001**
 Current57.3 (24 045)58.4 (4087)
 Missing23.1 (9703)19.1 (1334)
Prior hyperlipidaemia, % (n)4.3 (1785)5.2 (366)<0.001***
Previous prescription of lipid-lowering medication, % (n)14.4 (6047)15.6 (1088)0.012*
Prior hypertension, % (n)26.7 (11 199)28.7 (2007)<0.001***
Previous prescription of antihypertensive drugs, % (n)36.9 (15 500)41.0 (2868)<0.001***
Prior diabetes, % (n)8.7 (3657)9.8 (689)0.002**
Prior cardiovascular disease, % (n)7.5 (3135)9.6 (670)<0.001***
Prior cerebrovascular disease, % (n)6.1 (2544)9.0 (631)<0.001***
Prior peripheral vascular disease, % (n)1.7 (715)2.8 (193)<0.001***
Aortic aneurysm during study, % (n)0.7 (284)1.4 (100)<0.001***
Death during study, % (n)23.8 (9989)28.9 (2022)<0.001***
Exposed to risk (years), median (IQR)4.5 (1.9–8.0)4.1 (1.6–7.7)<0.001***
  • *p<0.05.

  • **p<0.01.

  • ***p<0.001.

  • BMI, body mass index; GCA, giant cell arteritis.