Table 1

Main features of a series of 370 patients with RA without cardiovascular events that were assessed by carotid ultrasonography

VariableCategoryNumber (%)
SexWomen298 (80)
RFPositive220 (60)
Anti-CCPPositive182 (52)
RF and or anti-CCPAt least one of them positive250 (68)
Presence of extra-articular manifestationsYes61 (17)
SmokingYes46 (12)
Carotid IMT*>0.90 mm46 (12)
Carotid plaquesNo175 (47)
Yes195 (53)
Unilateral67 (18)
Bilateral128 (35)
Severe abnormality of carotid ultrasoundIMT >0.90 mm and/or plaques196 (53)
VariableMean (SD)
Age at the time of the carotid ultrasonography (years)58.9 (13.7)
Disease duration (years)9.8 (8.3)
Systolic blood pressure mm Hg133.6 (19.6)
Diastolic blood pressure mm Hg78.2 (8.3)
Total cholesterol (mg/dl)209.3 (38.7)
HDL-cholesterol (mg/dl)63.7 (18.2)
Atherogenic index3.50 (1.00)
SCORE1.83 (2.03)
Modified SCORE†2.16 (2.49)
Carotid IMT mm0.71 (0.16)
  • *45 of the 46 RA patients with carotid IMT >0.90 mm also had carotid plaques.

  • †According to the EULAR recommendations.

  • Anti-CCP, anticyclic citrullinated peptide; EULAR, European League Against Rheumatism; IMT, intima-media thickness; RA, rheumatoid arthritis; RF, rheumatoid factor; SCORE, systematic coronary risk evaluation.