Table 3

The number of patients exceeding the recommended levels reported for patients with no known DM or CVD and for the subgroups of patients with known CVD or DM displayed separately

VariableNo DM or CVDKnown CVDKnown DM
n=n=152n=74
Women448 (69.6%)644
Current smokers (0/1)158 (24.5%)64426 (17.1%)11 (14.9%)
Normal BP (SBP <140)411 (64.2%)64097 (63.8%)
 Diabetes patients (SBP <130)19 (26.4%)
Light HT (SBP 140–159)168 (26.3%)64438 (25.0%)
 Diabetes patients (SBP 130–159)44 (61.1%)
 Moderate HT (SBP 160–179)48 (7.5%)64412 (7.9%)6 (8.3%)
Severe HT (SBP ≥180)13 (2.0%)6445 (3.3%)3 (4.2%)
Total cholesterol ≥5.0 mMol/L397 (65.6%)605
 Diabetes or CVD (≥4.5 mM/L)98 (64.5%)41 (57.7%)
LDL-cholesterol ≥3.0 mMol/L326 (55.4%)588
 Diabetes or CVD ≥1.8 mM/L)128 (84.2%)55 (80.9%)
HDL-cholesterol605
 Women (≤1.2 mM/L)18 (4.0%)448
 Men (≤ 1.0 mM/L)19 (12.1%)157
  Diabetes patients (≤ 1.0 mM/L)4 (2.6%)2 (2.8%)
Triglycerides >1.7 mM/L70 (11.6%)602
 Diabetes or CVD >2.0 mM/L17 (11.2%)10 (14.1%)
F-glucose ≥6.0 mmol/L71 (12.7%)55937 (27.2%)
F-glucose ≥7.0 mmol/L10 (1.8%)55914 (10.3%)23 (36.5%)
Overweight (BMI >25)409 (63.8%)64196 (63.2%)55 (74.3%)
Obese (BMI >30)163 (25.4%)64142 (27.6%)29 (39.2%)
High waist circumference643
 Women (>80 cm)297 (63.3%)46966 (66.7%)42 (79.2%)
 Men (>94 cm)111 (63.8%)17436 (67.9%) 16 (76.2%)
Exercise <5 times a week418 (64.9%)64448 (31.6%)54 (73.0%)
  • Percentages are calculated based on the number of observations for each variable in each subgroup.

  • BMI, body mass index calculated as weight (kg)/squared height (m2); CVD, cardiovascular disease; F, fasting; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; HT, hypertension; LDL, low-density lipoprotein, SBP, systolic blood pressure in mm Hg.