Table 2

Summary of studies detailing imaged region, US techniques and reproducibility

AuthorRegion imagedUS image reader blindedGray scaleMHzDoppler
Nalbant et al16Subcutaneous nodulesNoYes10–5No
Perez-Ruiz et al17Nodules in the knee and ankle jointYesYes7.5No
Thiele and Schlesinger18MCP, MTP, knee, shoulder and elbow jointsYesYes5–10Power
Wright et al19First MTP jointsYesYes5–13Power
Schueller-Weidekamm et al20Wrists, MCP, MTP, PIP, DIP, IP, elbows, knees and ankle jointsYesYes5–12Power
Rettenbacher et al21Clinically active joints and tendonsNoYes8–14Colour
Puig et al22Knees and ankles-tendons, ligaments, menisci and synovial recessesNoYesNMPower
Carter et al23Symptomatic joint and asymptomatic jointsYesYes8Colour
Filippucci et al24Knee jointsYesYes6–18No
Thiele and Schlesinger25MCP, knees and MTP jointsNoYes5–10No
de Ávila Fernandes et al26TophiNoYes8–14No
Filippucci et al27Knee jointsYesYes9Power
Fernandes et al28TophiNoYes8–14No
Howard et al29Knee, first MTP jointsYesYes12–18No
Ottaviani et al30MTP, knees and MCP jointsYesYes9–13No
Filippucci et al31Midtarsal and MTP jointsNoYes13Power
Pineda et al32Knee, ankle, tendons and first MTP jointsNoYes6–18Power
 De Miguel et al33Knees and feetNoYesNRNo
  • DIP, distal interphalangeal; IP, interphalangeal; NM, not mentioned; MCP, metacarpophalangeal; MTP, metatarsophalangeal; PIP, proximal interphalangeal; US, ultrasound.