Table 1

Cumulative clinical manifestations in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (N=50)

Clinical manifestationsNumber (%)
Arthritis36 (72)
Myositis1 (2)
Facial rash27 (54)
Raynaud's phenomenon7 (14)
Discoid lupus3 (6)
Mucosal ulceration10 (20)
Photosensitivity14 (28)
Alopecia13 (26)
Haemolytic anaemia14 (28)
Leucopenia (<4×109/l)25 (50)
Thrombocytopenia (<100×109/l)14 (28)
Lymphopenia (<1.5×109/l)42 (84)
Lymphadenopathy10 (20)
Seizure1 (2)
Psychosis0 (0)
Acute confusional state1 (2)
Neuropathy (peripheral or cranial)1 (2)
Renal29 (58)
Serositis5 (10)
Autoantibodies
 Anti-Sm8 (16)
 Anti-Ro28 (56)
 Anti-La8 (16)
 Anti-nRNP18 (36)
 Anti-aCL (IgG or IgM)23 (46)
 LAC14 (28)
  • aCL, anti-cardiolipin; IgG, immunoglobulin G; LAC, lupus anticoagulant.