Table 3

Research and educational agenda for non-pharmacological management of hip and knee OA

Research themeResearch questions
TerminologyDefining non-pharmacological management
Finding an appropriate terminology for non-pharmacological management
GeneralEvaluating effectiveness and safety of non-pharmacological management strategies, specifically in hip OA
Individualised treatmentAssessing moderators of the outcome of hip and knee OA to optimise individualised treatment
Delivery of careDefining to whom, and at what stage, the package of care needs to be delivered
Assessing by which professionals the package of care can best be delivered
Lifestyle changesAssessing the long-term outcomes (≥ 2 years) of exercise, physical activity and weight reduction with outcomes including adherence and cardiovascular morbidity
FootwearAssessing the effectiveness and costs of various forms of footwear
Assistive technologyAssessing the use of, and satisfaction with, assistive technology
Work abilityAssessing the effectiveness and costs of interventions aiming to prevent or reduce work disability and/or increase return, or entering, the workforce
Research methodologyDeveloping and including measures of societal participation
Developing and including measures of adherence
Including economic analyses in studies on non-pharmacological management
Conducting studies with appropriate sample sizes
EducationResearch questions
Need for training courses on the required skills to initiate and establish lifestyle changes; this education should be aimed at professionals, people with arthritis and the public