Table 5

Cardiovascular risk factors in PsA

Cardiovascular risk factorNo of studiesFindings
Dyslipidaemia*6Dyslipidaemia was more prevalent in PsA patients than in controls18 24 26 2830
• Reduced total cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol levels26 28 30
• Reduced LDL-cholesterol levels28 30
• Increased LDL and triglycerides levels26
Hypertension6Hypertension was more prevalent in PsA patients than in controls17 18 24 26 28 29
Obesity or BMI3Patients with PsA had higher BMI than controls24 26 28
Diabetes mellitus4Diabetes mellitus was more prevalent in PsA patients than in controls18 24 28 29
Smoking3There was no statistical differences between patients and controls.24 28 29
  • * Dyslipidaemia is defined as abnormalities in lipid profile predisposing to cardiovascular diseases.

  • BMI, body mass index; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; PsA, psoriatic arthritis.