Table 4

Relative risk (RR) of self-reported physician diagnosed incident gout according to postmenopausal hormone use among postmenopausal women in the Nurses' Health Study

Postmenopausal hormone use
Never usedUsed in pastCurrent user
Number of gout cases613268311
Age-adjusted RR (95% CI)1.00 (reference)1.04 (0.89 to 1.20)0.81 (0.70 to 0.94)
Multivariate-adjusted RR* (95% CI)1.00 (reference)0.99 (0.85 to 1.16)0.82 (0.70 to 0.96)
  • * Adjusted for age, age at menopause, type of menopause, body-mass index, use of diuretics, history of hypertension, smoking, alcohol intake, daily average intake of meats, seafood, dairy, coffee, energy-adjusted fructose and vitamin C, and total energy intake.