Table 2

Relative risk (RR) of self-reported physician diagnosed incident gout according to menopausal status among women participating in the Nurses' Health Study

Menopausal statusPerson-yearsNumber of casesAge-adjusted RR (95% CI)Multivariate-adjusted RR* (95% CI)
Premenopausal3731762941.00 (ref)1.00 (ref)
Postmenopausal86705414091.33 (1.08 to 1.63)1.26 (1.03 to 1.55)
 Natural65918410071.16 (0.94 to 1.44)1.17 (0.95 to 1.45)
 Surgical2078704021.54 (1.24 to 1.91)1.37 (1.10 to 1.69)
  • * Adjusted for age, body mass index, smoking, use of diuretics, history of hypertension, alcohol intake, daily average intake of meats, seafood, dairy, coffee, energy-adjusted fructose and vitamin C, and total energy intake.