Table 1

Baseline characteristics according to history of gout diagnosis*

WomenMen
CharacteristicsNo gout (n=19450)Gout (n=3890)pNo gout (n=28760)Gout (n=5752)p
Age, mean ± SD (years)75.0±6.875.0± 6.80.9973.3±6.473.9±6.40.991
Comorbid medical conditions
 Hypertension9220 (47.4)2552 (65.6)0.00110944 (38.1)3206 (55.7)0.001
 COPD3811 (19.6)1007 (25.6)0.0015898 (20.5)1387 (24.1)0.001
 Diabetes2197 (11.3)719 (18.5)0.0014035 (14.0)884 (15.4)0.008
 Hyperlipidaemia2140 (11.0)571 (14.7)0.0012652 (9.2)741 (12.9)0.001
 Charlson comorbidity score, mean ± SD1.1±1.71.4±1.80.0011.3±1.81.4±1.80.31
Prescription medication use
 NSAID10055 (51.7)3168 (81.4)0.00112835 (44.6)4604 (80.0)0.001
 Diuretic3910 (20.1)1312 (33.7)0.0013494 (12.2)1239 (21.5)0.001
 Statin1830 (9.4)508 (13.1)0.0011914 (6.7)512 (8.9)0.001
 Aspirin1418 (7.3)326 (8.4)0.0181619 (5.6)351 (6.1)0.158
 Glucocorticoid1364 (7.0)368 (9.5)0.0011637 (5.7)422 (7.3)0.001
 Anticoagulant628 (3.2)227 (5.8)0.0011225 (4.3)368 (6.4)0.001
 Hormone replacement therapy952 (4.9)153 (3.9)0.010
  • * Values are the number (percentage) unless otherwise indicated;

  • p value by χ2 or t test.

  • COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; NSAID, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug.