Table 5

Yearly productivity costs because of ankylosing spondylitis (AS)-related absenteeism, presenteeism and need for help in unpaid work for the total group

Costs paid work productivity lossAll patients (n=135/142)Men (n=95/135)Women (n=40/135)
Friction costs: €/pt/year (mean (bootstrapped 95% CI))
 All causes of sick leave1832 (728 to 3198)2091 (657 to 4067)1247 (5614)
 AS-related sick leave1451 (425 to 2742)1982 (553 to 3952)257 (1702)
Presenteeism: €/pt/year (mean (bootstrapped 95% CI))
 Costs of extra hours to compensate for inefficient work967 (503 to 1496)1078 (504 to 1784)717 (221 to 1326)
All patients (n=137/142)Men (n=94/137)Women (n=43/137)
Costs of unpaid work productivity loss: €/pt/year (mean (bootstrapped 95% CI))
 Total costs assistance1930 (1404 to 2471)1673 (1060 to 2423)2522 (1611 to 3464)
 By children/partner1005 (658 to 1376)886 (459 to 1415)1279 (719 to 1860)
 By family, neighbours, others333 (171 to 505)413 (206 to 665)148 (0 to 359)
 By formal home care435 (207 to 706)312 (98 to 575)718 (211 to 1326)
 By private home care157 (80 to 239)61 (0 to 128)377 (852)