Table 2

SSc-related co-morbidities among patients deemed to have died from causes unrelated to SSc (sepsis, pneumonia and gastrointestinal haemorrhage)

Cause of deathNo significant SSc comorbidity (N)Significant SSc comorbidity (N)Type of SSc-associated comorbidity or disease entity
Pneumonia413Oesophageal reflux (8) with aspiration (5)
Bedridden patients (5)
Septicaemia68Gangrene, leg ulcers and decubitus (6)
Surgery for Barrett's oesophagus (1)
Addison's crisis due to prednisone withdrawal (1)
Gastrointestinal haemorrhage12Oesophageal haemorrhage due to primary biliary cirrhosis
  • SSc, systemic sclerosis.