Table 2

Prevalence odds ratios (ORs) for cardiovascular disease using controls as a reference

OR (95% CI)p Value
Model I
    Non-diabetic controls1.00 (reference)
    DM22.62 (1.29 to 5.32)0.008
    RA2.81 (1.46 to 5.42)0.002
Model II
    Non-diabetic controls1.00 (reference)
    DM22.31 (1.13 to 4.72)0.022
    RA3.11 (1.59 to 6.08)0.001
Model III
    Non-diabetic controls1.00 (reference)
    DM22.01 (0.90 to 4.51)0.090
    RA2.70 (1.24 to 5.86)0.012
  • DM2, diabetes mellitus type 2; RA, rheumatoid arthritis.

  • Model I, crude associations.

  • Model II, corrected for age and gender.

  • Model III, corrected for cardiovascular risk factors (age and gender, systolic blood pressure, antihypertensive agents, total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (TC/HDL) ratio, lipid-lowering drugs, waist circumference, creatinine and smoking).