Table 1 Extent of immunostaining for the three TGFβ isoforms in hip cartilage in function of osteoarthritis damage
TGFβ1TGFβ2TGFβ3
Control++++
Slight osteoarthritis++/++++/+++
Moderate osteoarthritis+++++++
Advanced osteoarthritis+++/+++++++++/+++
  • TGFβ, transforming growth factor beta.