Table 1 Heart failure in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). © The risk of congestive heart failure in rheumatoid arthritis: a population-based study over 46 years. Arthritis Rheum 2005;52:412–20. Reprinted with permission of Wiley-Liss, Inc, a subsidiary of John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
ModelsAll RA vs non-RARF+RA vs non-RA
Age and sex-adjusted1.96 (1.54 to 2.49)2.49 (1.90 to 3.26)
Age, sex and IHD1.95 (1.53 to 2.49)2.83 (2.14 to 3.73)
Age, sex, risk factors1.82 (1.43 to 2.32)2.29 (1.74 to 3.02)
Age, sex, IHD and risk factors1.87 (1.47 to 2.39)2.59 (1.95 to 3.43)
  • Results are shown as hazard ratios (95% CI) from multivariable Cox models.

  • IHD, ischaemic heart disease; RF, rheumatoid factor.