Table 2

 Subdimensions of the Health Assessment Questionnaire with individual items in male and female patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Subdimension with itemsMale (mean (SD))Female (mean (SD))p Value*
*Multivariate Hotelling-type permutation test.
Dressing and grooming:0.45
    Dress yourself, including shoelaces and buttons?0.69 (0.76)0.81 (0.60)
    Shampoo your hair?0.37 (0.69)0.54 (0.69)
Arising:0.40
    Stand up from a straight chair?0.69 (0.96)0.68 (0.80)
    Get in and out of bed?0.46 (0.61)0.58 (0.62)
Eating:<0.001
    Cut your meat?0.43 (0.66)0.88 (0.88)
    Lift a full cup or glass to your mouth?0.37 (0.65)0.42 (0.67)
    Open a new milk cartoon?0.49 (0.66)1.08 (0.88)
Walking:0.15
    Walk outdoors on flat ground?0.57 (0.70)0.63 (0.66)
    Climb up five steps?0.46 (0.74)0.72 (0.77)
Hygiene:0.021
    Wash and dry your body?0.60 (0.85)0.69 (0.73)
    Take a tub bath?0.83 (1.07)1.47 (1.22)
    Get on and off the toilet?0.40 (0.55)0.49 (0.61)
Reach:0.0017
    Reach and get down a 2 kg object from above your head?0.54 (0.82)1.22 (1.02)
    Bend down to pick up clothing from the floor?0.57 (0.70)0.63 (0.72)
Grip:0.0024
    Open car doors?0.37 (0.65)0.90 (0.75)
    Open previously open jars?0.23 (0.43)0.54 (0.69)
    Turn faucets on and off?0.23 (0.43)0.39 (0.60)
Common daily activities:0.014
    Run errands and shop?0.34 (0.54)0.65 (0.73)
    Get in and out of a car?0.43 (0.61)0.77 (0.60)
    Do chores such as vacuuming or garden work?0.60 (0.81)1.16 (0.94)