Table 1

 Twenty-year lupus mortality by sex and ethnicity, US 1979–98

EthnicitySexDeath countPerson-years (millions)Crude death rate(per million)Rate adjusted for age (per million)
African-AmericansWomen616031819.221.5
Men8212862.903.6
CaucasiansWomen12 23421215.85.5
Men276520321.41.5
OthersWomen665907.48.2
Men106861.21.7
Total22 75149354.64.8