Table 4

 Injury related characteristics of whiplash claimants stratified by sex

CharacteristicMale* (n = 2926)Female* (n = 4533)p Value
Values are n (%) unless specified.
*Missing data: 3/7462 claimants did not provide information on sex. Of the remaining cohort of 7459, the missing cases were as follows: neck pain, 112; headache pain, 94; other pain, 101; per cent body in pain, 43; initial health care provider, 139; admitted to hospital overnight, 15; off work because of collision, 62; headache symptoms after the collision, 7; reduced/painful jaw movement, 12; numbness/tingling or pain in arms/hands, 5; numbness/tingling or pain in legs/feet, 4; dizziness/unsteadiness, 14; nausea, 6; vomiting, 9; difficulty swallowing, 5; ringing in ears, 7; memory problems, 14; concentration problems, 12; vision problems, 15; low back pain, 7; loss of consciousness, 1; hit head, 2; and broken bones, 1.
†Current pain measured on 100 mm visual analogue scale. “Other pain” refers to pain in parts of the body other than neck and headache pain.
DC, chiropracter; MD, doctor; PT, physiotherapist.
Neck/shoulder pain† (mean (SD))54.87 (25.01)58.57 (24.90)<0.01
Headache† (mean (SD))33.40 (33.19)39.89 (34.30)<0.01
Other pain† (mean (SD))39.51 (34.02)43.64 (34.34)<0.01
Per cent of body in pain (mean (SD))18.18 (14.14)22.54 (15.96)<0.01
Initial health care provider
    None104 (3.6)124 (2.8)NS
    MD1869 (65.2)2862 (64.3)NS
    DC149 (5.2)256 (5.7)NS
    MD and DC405 (14.1)624 (14.0)NS
    MD and PT338 (11.8)588 (13.2)NS
Admitted to hospital overnight156 (5.3)158 (3.5)NS
Broken bone(s)96 (3.3)127 (2.8)NS
Hit head in collision976 (33.4)1169 (25.8)<0.01
Lost consciousness in collision199 (6.8)178 (3.9)<0.01
Off work because of collision1419 (49.0)2002 (44.5)<0.01
Symptoms after collision
    Neck/shoulder pain2926 (100)4533 (100)NS
    Headache2291 (78.4)3902 (86.1)<0.01
    Numbness/tingling or pain in arms/hands1104 (37.8)2103 (46.4<0.01
    Numbness/tingling or pain in legs/feet688 (23.5)1283 (28.3)<0.01
    Reduced/painful jaw movement386 (13.2)906 (20.0)<0.01
    Dizziness/unsteadiness1210 (41.4)2183 (48.3)<0.01
    Nausea631 (21.6)1534 (33.9)<0.01
    Vomiting143 (4.9)294 (6.5)NS
    Difficulty swallowing248 (8.5)477 (10.5)NS
    Ringing in the ears625 (21.4)928 (20.5)NS
    Vision problems336 (11.5)590 (13.0)NS
    Memory problems357 (12.2)570 (12.6)NS
    Concentration problems705 (24.1)1256 (27.8)<0.01
    Low back pain1808 (61.9)2926 (64.6)NS