Table 3

 Health status before the collision for whiplash claimants stratified by sex

FactorMale* (n = 2926)Female* (n = 4533)p Value
Values are n (%).
*Missing data: 3/7462 claimants did not provide information on sex. Of the remaining cohort of 7459, the missing cases were as follows: general health before collision, 8; previous motor vehicle injury to neck, 3; ache/pain in neck/shoulder, 5; headaches before collision, 4; low back pain before collision, 7; jaw pain before collision, 8; bodily discomfort before collision, 9; tired and lack of energy before collision, 7; depressed before collision, 9; anxious before collision, 6; angry before collision, 6; frustrated before collision, 10; fearful before collision, 9; sleeping problems before collision, 5; concentration problems before collision, 5; and memory problems before collision, 5.
General health before collision
    Excellent1341 (45.9)1655 (36.5)<0.01
    Very good942 (32.2)1572 (34.7)NS
    Good505 (17.3)1034 (22.8)<0.01
    Fair106 (3.6)222 (4.9)NS
    Poor27 (1.0)47 (1.1)NS
Previous motor vehicle injury to neck1095 (37.4)1620 (35.7)NS
Neck/shoulder pain before collision
    Never2373 (81.1)3184 (70.3)<0.01
    Sometimes409 (14.0)1038 (22.9)<0.01
    Very often80 (2.7)181 (4.0)NS
    Every day63 (2.2)126 (2.8)NS
Headaches before collision
    Never2277 (77.8)2537 (56.0)<0.01
    Sometimes551 (18.8)1715 (37.9)<0.01
    Very often77 (2.6)228 (5.0)<0.01
    Every day20 (0.7)50 (1.1)NS
Low back pain before collision
    Never2099 (71.8)2926 (64.6)<0.01
    Sometimes629 (21.5)1260 (27.8)<0.01
    Very often95 (3.2)201 (4.4)NS
    Every day102 (3.5)140 3.1)NS
Jaw pain before collision
    Never2860 (97.9)4272 (94.3)<0.01
    Sometimes49 (1.7 )187 (4.1)NS
    Very often8 (0.3)51 (1.1)NS
    Every day5 (0.2 )19 (0.4)NS
Bodily discomfort before collision
    Never2479 (84.8)3542 (78.2)<0.01
    Sometimes309 (10.6)702 (15.5)<0.01
    Very often65 (2.2)138 (3.0)NS
    Every day69 (2.4)146 (3.2)NS
Tired and lack of energy before collision
    Never2220 (75.9)2692 (59.5)<0.01
    Sometimes571 (19.5)1467 (32.4)<0.01
    Very often80 (2.7)239 (5.3)<0.01
    Every day53 (1.8)130 (2.9)NS
Depressed before collision
    Never2584 (88.4)3793 (83.8)<0.01
    Sometimes274 (9.4)622 (13.7)<0.01
    Very often42 (1.4)84 (1.9)NS
    Every day22 (0.8)29 (0.6)NS
Anxious before collision
    Never2510 (85.8)3712 (82.0)<0.01
    Sometimes347 (11.9)679 (15.0)<0.01
    Very often39 (1.3)109 (2.4)NS
    Every day28 (1.0)29 (0.6)NS
Angry before collision
    Never2381 (81.4)3570 (78.8)NS
    Sometimes471 (16.1)845 (18.7)NS
    Very often55 (1.9)95 (2.1)NS
    Every day18 (0.6)18 (0.4)NS
Frustrated before collision
    Never2251 (77.0)3252 (71.9)<0.01
    Sometimes575 (19.7)1097 (24.2)<0.01
    Very often70 (2.4)135 (3.0)NS
    Every day29 (1.0)40 (0.9)NS
Fearful before collision
    Never2736 (93.6)4052 (89.5)<0.01
    Sometimes151 (5.2)401 (8.9)<0.01
    Very often22 (0.8)46 (1.0)NS
    Every day15 (0.5)27 (0.6)NS
Sleep problems before collision
    Never2393 (81.8)3511 (77.5)<0.01
    Sometimes378 (12.9)709 (15.7)<0.01
    Very often97 (3.3)213 (4.7)NS
    Every day56 (1.9)97 (2.1)NS
Concentration problems before collision
    Never2743 (93.8)4163 (91.9)NS
    Sometimes140 (4.8)297 (6.6)NS
    Very often24 (0.8)50 (1.1)NS
    Every day17 (0.6)20 (0.4)NS
Memory problems before collision
    Never2766 (94.6)4210 (92.9)NS
    Sometimes123 (4.2)258 (5.7)NS
    Very often20 (0.7)47 (1.0)NS
    Every day15 (0.5)15 (0.3)NS