Table 1

 Characteristics of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus

VariableActive (n = 20)Inactive (n = 20)p Value
Values are mean (SEM) or n, unless stated.
Significant p values in bold.
Age (years) (mean (range))40.3 (19 to 77)41.0 (23 to 72)>0.05
Male/female4/163/17
Anti-dsDNA by Farr (IU/ml)162.6 (57.6)15.35 (3.4) 0.015
C3 (g/l)0.757 (0.080)0.982 (0.060) 0.032
C4 (g/l)0.105 (0.010)0.148 (0.010) 0.047
SLEDAI9.950 (1.065)1.950 (0.387) <0.0001
CRP (mg/l)35.45 (10.68)3.45 (1.06) 0.0005
Creatinine (μmol/l)91.60 (8.54)96.00 (7.54)0.70
Leucocytes (×109/l)4.42 (0.50)5.40 (0.50)0.15
Neutrophils (×109/l)3.24 (0.58)3.78 (0.41)0.44
Monocytes (×109/l)0.28 (0.05)0.45 (0.05) 0.016
Lymphocytes (×109/l)0.81 (0.14)1.04 (0.16)0.29
sTRAIL (pg/ml)861.8 (138.7)1010.0 (168.0)0.50
Renal disease6
Central nervous system disease3
Serositis4
Haematological disease7
Polyarthritis6
Skin involvement4
Fever5
No immunosuppressive drugs116
Prednisolone (2.5 to 10 mg)38
Azathioprine (50 to 150 mg)1
Prednisolone + azathioprine65