Table 4

 Logistic univariate and multivariate analysis of the contribution of available determinants for hand pain in the subgroup (n = 3906)

DeterminantFrequency (%)R2 in univariate analysisOdds ratio (95% CI)
Univariate analysisMultivariate model
Total explained variance of hand pain with all determinants in the multivariate logistic regression model was 17.9%.
*Thyroid disease consists of hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, or other thyroid disease.
BMI, body mass index; CI, confidence interval; OA, osteoarthritis.
Rheumatoid arthritis2.80.0448.8 (5.7 to 13.9)7.4 (4.5 to 12.1)
Pain in neck/shoulder21.90.0482.8 (2.3 to 3.4)2.0 (1.6 to 2.5)
Osteoarthritis in any joint24.70.0773.5 (2.9 to 4.2)3.0 (2.4 to 3.7)
Female sex58.30.0522.8 (2.3 to 3.5)2.3 (1.8 to 2.9)
Thyroid disease*11.50.0051.6 (1.2 to 2.2)1.1 (0.8 to 1.6)
BMI ⩾30 kg/m213.80.0011.2 (0.9 to 1.5)0.8 (0.6 to 1.1)
History of fracture (hand/wrist)9.30.0001.2 (0.8 to 1.6)1.0 (0.6 to 1.4)
Diabetes4.70.0021.5 (1.0 to 2.2)1.3 (0.8 to 2.0)
Manual occupation29.40.0001.1 (0.9 to 1.3)0.8 (0.7 to 1.1)
Gout0.80.0001.6 (0.6 to 3.9)1.3 (0.4 to 3.6)
Stroke2.60.0001.0 (0.6 to 1.8)
Age ⩾70 years30.80.0001.0 (0.8 to 1.2)
Parkinson’s disease0.40.0000.5 (0.1 to 3.6)
Radiological hand OA28.30.0161.8 (1.4 to 2.1)1.4 (1.1 to 1.7)