Table 3

 Restriction of movement by pain group

Pain group
MovementVerbal only (n = 11)Drawing only (n = 46)Both (n = 91)No pain (n = 185)
CI, confidence interval.
Internal rotation (°)
Mean (SD)33.1 (9.4)37.0 (8.5)31.5 (10.4)35.7 (8.7)
Adjusted mean (95% CI)26.2 (21.4 to 31.1)29.4 (26.6 to 32.1)24.4 (22.1 to 26.4)28.1 (26.2 to 29.9)
External rotation (°)
Mean (SD)35.3 (6.2)39.5 (7.6)35.7 (8.7)39.7 (8.3)
Adjusted mean (95% CI)30.8 (25.9 to 35.7)34.9 (32.2 to 37.7)31.5 (29.4 to 33.7)35.3 (33.5 to 37.2)
Flexion (°)
Mean (SD)130 (15)131 (10)122 (17.0)130 (12)
Adjusted mean (95% CI)123 (115 to 131)123 (119 to 128)115 (111 to 118)122 (119 to 125)