Table 2

Risk factors for UTI in lupus patients and controls

Lupus patientsControls
Results are shown as No (%).
Number of patients8186
Sjögren’s syndrome1 (1)0 (0)
Sexual activity60 (74)53 (62)
Chronic constipation32 (40)24 (28)
Low frequency miccional16 (20)0 (0)
Urinary incontinence19 (23)0 (0)
    Slight12 (15)
    Moderate5 (6)
    Severe2 (2)
Hypoactive bladder3 (4)0 (0)
Hyperactive bladder6 (7)0 (0)
Menopause15 (21)22 (31)
Prophylactic methods19 (23)16 (19)
Pregnancy0 (0)0 (0)
Chronic renal insufficiency6 (7)0 (0)
Renal lithiasis3 (4)0 (0)
Benign prostatic hyperplasic3 (4)0 (0)
Diabetes1 (1)
Urinary tract anomaly3 (4)0 (0)
Cystocele2 (2)
Pelvic and calyceal renal stasis1 (1)
Admissions because of UTI2/56 (4)0 (0)