Table 3

The knowledge of main characteristics and the principles of management and rehabilitation of common musculoskeletal conditions (the theoretical background)

CharacteristicsAbility required
Fracture/injury/traumaIn theoretical terms, have the ability to:
  • Specify the symptoms, signs, and immediate complications

  • Outline the assessment and appropriate investigation

  • Outline the immediate and long term management of patient with:

    • – Common adult fractures

    • – Joint dislocation

    • – Soft tissue injuries

    • – Acute spinal injury

    • – Multiply injured patient

    • – Joint instability (for example, knee, finger)

Clinical experience should be gained of all stages of injury and healing (for example, from emergency room to rehabilitation clinic).
Joint and soft tissue conditionsIn theoretical terms, have the ability to:
  • Specify the symptoms, signs and predisposing factors

  • Outline the assessment and appropriate investigation

  • Propose a limited differential diagnosis and

  • Outline the principles of management of a patient with

    • – Osteoarthritis

    • – Chronic inflammatory arthritis—for example, rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthropathy (optional)

    • – Soft tissue lesion/enthesopathy—for example, rotator cuff lesion and/or tennis elbow (other soft tissue lesions optional)

    • – Fibromyalgia/chronic generalised pain

    • – Crystal associated arthritis

    • – Rheumatic fever

    • – Autoimmune connective tissue diseases—for example, SLE

    • – Viral arthritis(including HIV)

    • – Polymyalgia rheumatica (optional)

SpineIn theoretical terms, have the ability to:
  • Specify the symptoms and signs

  • Outline the assessment and appropriate investigation

  • Propose a limited differential diagnosis

  • Outline the principles of management of a patient with

    • – Low back pain and sciatica

TumoursIn theoretical terms, have the ability to:
  • Specify the symptoms, signs and predisposing factors

  • Outline the assessment and appropriate investigation

  • Outline the principles of management of a patient with:

    • – Metastatic bone disease

    • – Primary bone and soft tissue tumours (optional)

Bone disorderIn theoretical terms, have the ability to:
  • Specify the symptoms, signs, and predisposing factors

  • Outline the assessment and appropriate investigation

  • Propose a limited differential diagnosis

  • Outline the principles of management of a patient with:

    • – Osteoporosis

    • – Osteomalacia

    • – Paget’s disease (optional)

PaediatricIn theoretical terms, have the ability to:
  • Outline the clinical features and

  • Outline the principles of management of paediatric locomotor conditions including:

    • – Common paediatric fractures (wrist/forearm, elbow, femoral shaft)

    • – Paediatric musculoskeletal infections

    • – Paediatric hip conditions—for example, developmental dislocation of hip

    • – Juvenile chronic/idiopathic arthritis

    • – Chronic paediatric conditions that often require orthopaedic management (club foot, scoliosis, neuromuscular disorders) (optional)

Related knowledgeTo outline the relative prevalence, health, and economic impact, major associations, and expected prognosis/outcome of specific musculoskeletal conditions
  • Fracture—low and high energy

  • Low back pain

  • Common soft tissue lesions such as rotator cuff lesions, tennis elbow.

  • Osteoarthritis—hip and knee

  • Rheumatoid arthritis