Table 1

Demographic and clinical characteristics of distension with saline and steroid and placebo groups at baseline

VariableDistension with saline and steroid (n = 25) Mean (SD)Placebo (n = 21) Mean (SD)
Age (years)57.2 (8.6)57.5 (8.1)
Duration of symptoms (days), median (range)118 (102–194)114 (96–402)
Severity (out of 10)6.5 (2.4)7.0 (2.0)
Shoulder Pain and Disability Index Score53.8 (18.5)55.7 (22.6)
Problem Elicitation Technique Score172.6 (48.2)169.9 (76.7)
Overall pain score6.0 (2.0)5.7 (2.1)
Range of motion (degrees)
    Total shoulder flexion108.6 (24.5)98.3 (22.7)
    Total shoulder abduction79.8 (27.5)72.9 (21.2)
    External rotation in neutral41.7 (20.2)35.8 (27.0)
    Hand behind back16.0 (3.9)16.7 (4.2)
No (%)No (%)
Female20 (80)17 (74)
Level of education completed
    Primary6 (30)4 (21)
    Secondary6 (30)12 (63)
    Tertiary8 (40)3 (16)
Diabetes8 (32)5 (24)
Previous corticosteroid injection7 (28)6 (28.6)
Post operative capsulitis0 (0)1 (4.8)
Occupation
    Manual3 (12)0 (0)
    Non-manual14 (56)12 (57)
    Retired/unemployed8 (32)9 (43)
Dominant arm affected17 (68)9 (43)