Table 2

Adherence with self management methods (percentage of participants reporting using methods very often or three or more times a week and treatments received (n = number of valid replies)

Self management method0 Months6 Months12 Months24 Months
OT (n = 162)Control (n = 164)OT (n = 148)Control (n = 142)OT (n = 140)Control (n = 141)OT (n = 134)Control (n = 124)
Results are shown as percentage (number).
* p = 0.05; **p<0.01; ***p<0.001.
Joint protection
    Use two hands57 (93)55 (90)66 (97)57 (81)66**(92)48 (67)55 (74)47 (58)
Alter activities to reduce stress on hands41 (66)48 (79)52**(77)38 (54)51**(72)38 (53)55**(74)40 (50)
    Take care/do activities more slowly53 (86)61 (100)62 (92)54 (76)64 (89)57 (81)66 (88)57 (71)
Exercise
    Hand exercises12 (20)9 (15)65***(96)12 (17)59***(83)9 (13)60***(79)12 (15)
    Arm exercises9 (15)11 (18)28***(42)13 (19)31***(44)11 (15)31***(41)14 (17)
    Fitness exercise29 (47)21 (35)39 (57)37 (52)45 (63)37 (52)39 (52)39 (48)
Energy conservation
    Regular rest50 (81)57 (93)52 (77)59 (84)59*(83)46 (52)48 (64)56 (70)
    Pace activity42 (68)45 (73)49 (72)43 (61)50 (70)45 (64)49 (65)49 (61)
Treatment received:
    Occupational therapy9 (14)2 (3)93***(137)5 (7)67***(93)5 (7)33*(44)7 (9)
    Physiotherapy15 (25)15 (25)14 (20)18 (26)12 (16)9 (13)10 (13)6 (7)
    Podiatry8 (13)9 (14)11 (16)13 (18)16 (22)14 (20)14 (19)17 (21)