Table 4

 Agreement between three clinicians about resistance testing in the affected shoulder

TestsPrevalence (%)†κ Value
ConsultantSpec regNurseCons/spec regCons/nurseSpec reg/nurse
*p<0.05, **p<0.01; †prevalence is the percentage of affected shoulders which were found to test positive; ‡McNemar p<0.05 denoting significant difference in prevalence between the two raters; §not applicable owing to a prevalence of zero.
Supraspinatus (empty can test)68 (n = 157)79 (n = 158)75 (n = 158)0.49**‡0.44**0.46**
Infraspinatus (resisted external rotation)44 (n = 156)47 (n = 158)52 (n = 159)0.45**0.18*0.38**
Subscapularis (lift off test)44 (n = 156)54 (n = 158)55 (n = 159)0.30**0.32**‡0.28**
Long head of biceps (Yergason’s test)0 (n = 158)9 (n = 157)16 (n = 157)N/A‡§N/A‡§0.276**‡
Long head of biceps (Speeds test)13 (n = 158)25 (n = 159)30 (n = 159)0.17*‡0.26**‡0.32**
Impingement (Hawkins-Kennedy)49 (n = 152)73 (n = 158)68 (n = 156)0.29**‡0.18*‡0.43**
Acromioclavicular joint (elevation)14 (n = 134)30 (n = 148)50 (n = 149)0.19*‡0.20**‡0.30**‡
Acromioclavicular joint (adduction front)7 (n = 141)26 (n = 152)42 (n = 158)0.09‡0.08‡0.29**‡
Acromioclavicular joint (adduction back)1 (n = 138)25 (n = 147)52 (n = 142)0.06‡0.03‡0.38**‡
Drop arm test0.8 (n = 126)4 (n = 129)2 (n = 135)0.275**0.659**0.528**