Table 6

Musculoskeletal pain reported by people with and without musculoskeletal diseases, DMC3 study, ORs and 95% confidence intervals

Pain of
Neck, shoulder,
or higher back
Elbow or wrist/handLower backHip or kneeAnkle or footGeneralised pain definition 1Generalised pain definition 2
Herniated disc of back1.6 (1.3 to 2.0)1.3 (1.0 to 1.6)6.3 (4.8 to 8.2)1.4 (1.1 to 1.7)1.1 (0.8 to 1.5)1.9 (1.2 to 3.2)2.8 (2.2 to 3.5)
Gout1.6 (1.2 to 2.3)1.9 (1.3 to 2.7)1.8 (1.3 to 2.5)1.9 (1.4 to 2.7)2.9 (2.0 to 4.2)3.3 (1.8 to 6.2)2.1 (1.4 to 3.1)
RSI3.4 (2.0 to 6.0)4.7 (2.8 to 7.8)1.2 (0.7 to 1.9)1.3 (0.8 to 2.2)1.6 (0.9 to 2.9)2.8 (1.1 to 7.3)1.8 (1.0 to 3.3)
Epicondylitis1.8 (1.5 to 2.3)3.4 (2.8 to 4.2)1.4 (1.1 to 1.7)1.4 (1.2 to 1.8)1.2 (1.0 to 1.6)2.4 (1.5 to 7.7)1.9 (1.5 to 2.4)
Osteoarthritis of knee1.9 (1.5 to 2.2)2.8 (2.4 to 3.4)1.6 (1.3 to 1.9)12.4 (9.9 to 15.4)2.0 (1.6 to 2.5)5.8 (3.9 to 8.5)3.9 (3.2 to 5.7)
Osteoarthritis of hip1.8 (1.4 to 2.3)2.0 (1.6 to 2.5)2.1 (1.7 to 2.7)11.3 (8.6 to 14.8)1.6 (1.2 to 2.1)4.1 (2.7 to 6.3)4.5 (3.5 to 5.7)
Osteoporosis2.6 (2.0 to 3.3)2.3 (1.8 to 3.0)2.5 (2.0 to 3.3)3.2 (2.5 to 4.1)2.1 (1.6 to 2.7)3.8 (2.4 to 6.1)3.9 (3.0 to 5.1)
Whiplash8.9 (4.6 to 17.3)2.1 (1.3 to 3.3)2.1 (1.3 to 3.4)1.9 (1.2 to 2.9)1.3 (0.7 to 2.3)2.8 (1.2 to 6.5)2.9 (1.8 to 4.7)
Rheumatoid arthritis2.7 (1.9 to 3.7)5.9 (4.2 to 8.3)1.6 (1.1 to 2.2)3.7 (2.7 to 5.2)4.5 (3.3 to 6.3)4.8 (2.8 to 8.3)3.5 (2.5 to 4.9)
Other chronic arthritis2.9 (2.0 to 4.1)5.1 (3.6 to 7.1)2.4 (1.7 to 3.4)3.8 (2.7 to 5.3)3.4 (2.4 to 4.8)5.6 (3.4 to 9.4)4.7 (3.4 to 6.5)
Fibromyalgia16.9 (5.2 to 54.8)9.6 (4.8 to 19.0)3.5 (1.8 to 6.9)6.9 (3.4 to 13.7)3.3 (1.8 to 6.2)12.2 (6.0 to 25.0)7.5 (3.4 to 13.8)
Tendinitis or capsulitis3.1 (2.5 to 3.7)2.7 (2.3 to 3.3)1.9 (1.6 to 2.3)2.2 (1.8 to 2.6)2.2 (1.8 to 2.8)2.8 (1.8 to 4.2)2.8 (2.3 to 3.5)