Table 2

Quality of life, coping, and fatigue of male and female patients with RA and AS

RAASTest statistic (ANCOVA)
Men (n = 292)Women (n = 764)Men (n = 461)Women (n = 197)
Note: Group comparison with Bonferroni correction (p<0.05): 1 = different from male patients with RA; 2 = different from female patients with RA; 3 = different from male patients with AS; 4 =  different from female patients with AS.
Quality of Life (SF-36, range 0–100), mean (SD)
Physical functioning52.7 (27.4)2,347.9 (26.3)1,3,467.8 (24.1)1,2,461.3 (23.1)2,3F = 43.5; p<0.001
Physical role functioning49.3 (42.9)242.9 (45.5)1,360.0 (41.5)251.4 (40.4)F = 11.0; p<0.001
Social functioning74.7 (24.2)271.6 (25.2)1,376.3 (23.8)272.7 (25.1)F = 4.0; p = 0.008
Emotional role functioning76.7 (38.9)73.8 (42.9)381.2 (33.6)275.2 (38.0)F = 2.8; p = 0.038
Mental health74.3 (17.4)2,3,471.4 (19.2)172.4 (18.2)170.5 (17.7)1F = 7.9; p<0.001
Vitality56.1 (20.1)2,452.4 (20.2)154.6 (20.1)51.0 (17.8)1F = 4.4; p = 0.005
Bodily pain53.8 (21.7)2,451.0 (20.9)1,357.4 (20.4)2,450.9 (20.6)1,3F = 5.2; p = 0.001
General health50.0 (21.8)51.2 (22.3)53.4 (22.2)51.8 (21.7)F = 0.7; p = 0.582
Physical component summary (PCS)35.7 (10.6)2,334.3 (10.7)1,3,440.2 (9.9)1,2,437.8 (9.4)2F = 20.0; p<0.001
Mental component summary (MCS)51.8 (10.3)3,450.2 (11.9)49.4 (10.1)149.0 (9.7)1F = 4.9; p = 0.002
Coping (CORS), mean (SD)
Pain coping style
    Comforting cognition (9–36)26.7 (4.8)27.2 (4.7)26.6 (4.9)27.3 (4.3)F = 3.7; p = 0.012
    Decreasing activity (8–31)18.6 (4.7)2,419.4 (4.3)1,317.8 (5.0)2,419.5 (4.5)1,3F = 8.5; p<0.001
    Diverting attention (8–30)17.7 (4.3)218.7 (4.5)317.2 (4.4)2,418.8 (4.2)3F = 6.8; p<0.001
Limitations coping style
    Optimism (5–20)15.2 (3.0)15.4 (3.7)14.7 (3.2)15.2 (2.6)F = 3.1; p = 0.027
    Pacing (10–40)27.1 (6.5)227.7 (6.1)1,325.0 (6.6)2,426.2 (5.6)3F = 8.2; p<0.001
    Creative solutions (8–32)20.3 (5.1)20.8 (5.0)319.7 (5.0)219.9 (4.5)F = 3.3; p<0.020
Dependence coping style
    Accepting (6–24)14.2 (4.2)13.8 (4.0)13.0 (4.0)13.0 (3.7)F = 0.7; p = 0.576
    Consideration (7–28)18.7 (3.4)219.3 (3.5)118.7 (3.7)19.4 (3.0)F = 3.8; p = 0.010
Fatigue (MFI, range 4–20), mean (SD)
General fatigue12.3 (4.2)2,413.2 (4.5)1,312.4 (4.2)2,413.4 (3.9)1,3F = 7.7; p<0.001
Physical fatigue12.4 (4.1)12.5 (4.1)11.8 (4.0)12.4 (3.6)F = 1.7; p = 0.168
Activity10.7 (4.1)10.7 (4.3)9.9 (4.0)10.1 (3.8)F = 1.7; p = 0.173
Motivation9.7 (3.5)9.7 (3.8)9.3 (3.6)9.3 (3.6)F = 1.1; p = 0.369
Mental fatigue8.7 (3.9)8.7 (4.4)8.8 (3.9)9.1 (3.9)F = 0.9; p = 0.433