Table 2

Comparison between patients with and without distal musculoskeletal manifestations

(A) Patients with isolated PMR Patients with distal musculoskeletal manifestations n=18 (20%) Patients without distal musculoskeletal manifestations n=72 (80%) p Value
Mean (SD) age at onset of disease (years)71.3 (9)71.8 (8)NS
F:M ratio12/6 (2)46/26 (1.8)NS
Malaise/anorexia/weight loss9 (50%)40 (55%)NS
Low grade fever1 (6%)6 (8%)NS
Mean (SD) ESR (mm/h)72 (23)74 (20)NS
Mean (SD) haemoglobin (g/l)116 (13)118 (12)NS
Raised alkaline phosphatase4 (22%)12 (17%)NS
Raised ALT/AST2 (11%)6 (8%)NS
(B) Patients with TA Patients with musculoskeletal manifestations n=41 (56%) Patients without musculoskeletal manifestations n=32 (44%) p Value
Mean (SD) age at onset of disease (years)71.4 (8)73 (9)NS
F:M ratio28/13 (2.1)21/11 (1.9)NS
Headache41 (100%)32 (100%)NS
Abnormal temporal artery35 (85%)29 (90%)NS
Jaw claudication17 (41%)8 (25%)NS
Malaise/anorexia/weight loss27 (66%)19 (59%)NS
Fever7 (17%)2 (6%)NS
Amaurosis fugax10 (24%)4 (12%)NS
Mean (SD) ESR (mm/h)91 (24)80 (21)NS
Mean (SD) haemoglobin (g/l)110 (13)115 (14)NS
Raised alkaline phosphatase10 (24%)7 (22%)NS
Raised ALT/AST5 (12%)3 (9%)NS
  • PMR = polymyalgia rheumatica; TA = temporal arteritis; ESR = erythrocyte sedimentation rate; ALT/AST = alanine aminotransferase/aspartate aminotransferase; SD = standard deviation.