Table 2

Mean changes (95% CI) and mean differences (95% CI) in change scores between groups in variables of pain and disease activity in 64 patients randomly assigned to an intensive or conservative exercise programme during a stay in hospital

Intensive exerciseConservative exerciseMean difference (95% CI)
nΔ2-150 95% CI2-150nΔ 95% CI
Swollen joints
Baseline (SD2-150)3416 (5)3016 (5)
Δ week 3321 (−1 to 3)290 (−2 to 2)1 (−3 to 1)
Δ week 629−1 (−3 to 1)27−1 (−3 to 0)0 (−2 to 3)
Δ week 1228−2 (−5 to 0)23−1 (−3 to 2)−2 (−5 to 2)
Δ week 2428−6 (−9 to −3)20−3 (−6 to 0)−2 (−7 to 2)
ESR 2-150
Baseline (SD)3467 (30)3058 (37)
Δ week 3323 (−3 to 8)281 (−5 to 7)2 (−6 to 10)
Δ week 6271 (−8 to 10)252 (−4 to 8)−1 (−9 to 11)
Δ week 1227−9 (−20 to 1)22−2 (−9 to 5)−8 (−21 to 6)
Δ week 2426−22 (−34 to −10)17−4 (−17 to 9)−18 (−35 to 0)
Pain on VAS (cm) 2-150
Baseline (SD)344.4 (2.0)295.9 (2.5)
Δ week 332−0.4 (−1.2 to 0.4)28−1.6 (−2.3 to −0.9)1.2 (0.1 to 2.3)2-151
Δ week 629−1.2 (−2.1 to −0.2)26−1.2 (−2.0 to −0.5)0.1 (−1.1 to 1.2)
Δ week 1230−1.5 (−2.2 to −0.7)24−1.9 (−3.1 to −0.6)0.4 (−1.0 to 1.8)
Δ week 2427−1.7 (−2.6 to −0.8)21−1.8 (−3.0 to −0.6)0.1 (−1.4 to 1 to 5)
DAS 2-150
Baseline (SD)347.0 (0.9)307.0 (0.8)
Δ week 330−0.2 (−0.4 to 0.1)26−0.4 (−0.7 to −0.2)0.3 (−0.1 to 0.6)
Δ week 625−0.4 (−0.9 to 0.1)24−0.4 (−0.6 to −0.2)−0.1 (−0.6 to 0.5)
Δ week 1224−0.9 (−1.6 to −0.3)20−0.4 (−0.8 to 0.0)−0.6 (−1.4 to 0.2)
Δ week 2424−1.4 (−2.0 to −0.7)17−0.7 (−1.4 to 0.0)−0.7 (−1.6 to 0.3)
  • 2-150 Δ = mean change; CI = confidence interval; SD = standard deviation; VAS = visual analogue scale; ESR = erythrocyte sedimentation rate; DAS = disease activity score.

  • 2-151 Significant difference between groups.