Table 1

Learning styles

Learning style Student motivation Process of study
SurfaceTo complete the courseLittle interest in content of the subject
Fear of failureRote learning of facts
DeepInterest in the subjectIdentify general principle
The need to understandIntegrate material across subject areas
Relevance to vocationRelate ideas to evidence
StrategicDesire to succeedAny technique seen to achieve high marks
To achieve high marks/gradesPatchy and variable understanding
To compete with fellow students