Table 4

Patient characteristics and clinical markers by educational attainment

nMedian (interquartile range) or count (percentage)Percentage above median or positive for characteristicp Value for trend (age and sex adjusted analysis)
University/ National diploma (n=74)“A” level/ vocational training (n=210)“O” level/CSE (n=127)None/no CSEs (n=274)
Age (years)68556 (44–65)29.742.433.952.2
Female (%)685442 (64.5)47.354.882.768.3
Clinical markers at presentation visit
HAQ4-150 6850.5 (0.125–1.625)29.739.144.153.70.002
ESR4-150 57234 (17–58)45.149.744.747.6>0.2
Joint score68414 (7–25)40.547.133.955.30.13
Pain score66041 (22–61)40.345.450.454.90.04
Grip strength684140 (95–210)64.454.344.943.10.06
Clinical markers at three years
HAQ6490.75 (0.25–1.375)35.240.353.753.50.002
ESR53520 (10–41)48.540.456.950.5>0.2
Joint score6467 (2–16.5)26.845.343.051.40.006
Pain score64427 (7–50)40.946.258.554.70.006
Grip strength648170 (115–260)65.253.239.742.80.003
  • 4-150 HAQ = Health Assessment Questionnaire; ESR = erythrocyte sedimentation rate.