Table 3

Number (%), crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) and p values, for consulting a general practitioner during the past 12 months in men with non-inflammatory musculoskeletal pain (n=2752)

Factor No (%)
consulting
Crude OR
(95% CI)
p Value Adjusted OR
(95% CI)
p Value
Predisposing
County 0.930
 Oslo549  (43)1.0
 Nordland628 (43)1.0 (0.9 to 1.2)
Age<0.001 0.002
 20–34275 (35)1.01.0
 35–49423 (46)1.5 (1.3 to 1.9)1.5 (1.2 to 1.9)
 50–64280 (44)1.4 (1.2 to 1.8)1.2 (0.9 to 1.5)
 65–79199 (48)1.7 (1.3 to 2.2)1.0 (0.7 to 1.5)
Education<0.001 0.016
 Elementary school412 (48)1.01.0
 College458 (43)0.8 (0.7 to 1.0)0.8 (0.6 to 0.9)
 University307 (37)0.7 (0.5 to 0.8)1.0 (0.8 to 1.2)
Employment status<0.001<0.001
 Working/student730 (39)1.01.0
 Homemaker7 (35)0.8 (0.3 to 2.1)0.7 (0.3 to 2.0)
 Unemployed64 (34)0.7 (0.5 to 1.0)0.6 (0.4 to 0.8)
 Pensioner3-150/sick leave332 (56)2.2 (1.7 to 2.8)1.8 (1.3 to 2.4)
Daily smoking 0.431
 No723 (42)1.0
 Yes438 (44)1.1 (0.9 to 1.2)
Regular exercise 0.296
 ⩾2 sessions a week527 (44)1.0
 ⩽1 sessions a week650 (42)0.9 (0.7 to 1.2)
Perceived need
Chronicity<0.001 0.014
 Non-chronic(35)1.01.0
 Chronic991 (45)1.5 (1.2 to 1.8)1.3 (1.1 to 1.6)
Location of pain<0.001<0.001
 Regional781 (39)1.01.0
 Widespread396 (54)1.9 (1.6 to 2.2)1.5 (1.3 to 1.9)
Pain intensity<0.001<0.001
 ⩽Median (1.0)747 (36)1.01.0
 >Median430 (61)2.8 (2.3 to 3.3)2.4 (2.0 to 2.9)
Disability (MHAQ3-151)<0.001 0.002
 ⩽Median (1.0 )522 (36)1.01.0
 >Median655 (50)1.8 (1.6 to 2.1)1.3 (1.1 to 1.5)
Psychosocial
Mental distress (SCL-53-151)<0.001 0.098
 ⩽Median (1.2)652 (40)1.01.0
 >Median525 (47)1.3 (1.1 to 1.5)1.1 (0.9 to 1.4)
  • 3-150 Includes disability and age pensioners.

  • 3-151 MHAQ = Modified Health Assessment Questionnaire; SCL-5 = symptom check list.