Table 1

Australian Aborigines. Diseases of the joints, bones, and muscles

Indigenous treatments
 Fractures- splinting
 Rheumatism- emu oil liniment
- hot ash massage
- seated in hot ash mount
- steam vapour bath over smouldering fire
- animal urine as rubefacient
- local bleeding with scarification, then suck afflicted part
- dried and powdered sheaoak apple
- fumigation over a smouldering fire on which green leaves had been thrown (Acacia lysiphloia or pinggi waterweed)