Table 2

Prevalence of shoulder pain by definition

Definitions of shoulder pain Responders to cross
sectional survey (n=312)
Responders to cross sectional survey and interview (n=232)
Number % (95% CI) Number % (95% CI)
Cross sectional survey
 (A) Direct question - ‘pain in shoulder(s)’9631 (26, 36)7432 (26, 38)
 (B) Pain marked on manikin - (shoulder complex)10734 (29, 40)8235 (29, 41)
 (C) Pain marked on manikin - (upper trunk)13242 (37, 48)10043 (37, 49)
 (D) Direct question - (pain in pre-defined area)15048 (43, 54)11651 (45, 57)
Interview
 (I) Pain marked on manikin - (shoulder complex)10445 (38, 51)
 (II) Current pain7332 (26, 37)
 (III) Current pain and associated disability2-150 4620 (15, 25)
  • 2-150 At least one item of disability answered positively on the questionnaire. ‘Pain’ in (A) - (D) and in (I) refers to ‘pain in the past month’—that is, period prevalence. ‘Current pain’ at interview in (II) and (III) refers to ‘pain on the day of interview’—that is, point prevalence.