Table 2

Frequencies of ocular and oral symptoms

Men (n=152) Frequency (%) with symptomWomen (n=189) Frequency (%) with symptomOverall (n=341) Frequency (%) with symptom
Dry eyes2-150 9 (5.9)26 (13.8)35(10.3)
Sand or gravel in eyes2-150 23 (15.1)52 (27.5)75 (22.0)
Use artificial tears > 3 times daily2-150 1 (0.7)5 (2.7)6 (1.8)
Itching of eyes47 (30.9)72 (38.1)119 (34.9)
Redness or inflammation of eyes24 (15.8)29 (15.5)53 (15.6)
Eye lids stuck together in morning9 (5.9)19 (10.1)28 (8.2)
Smoke irritates eyes80 (52.6)117 (62.6)197 (58.3)
Burning sensation in eyes11 (7.2)21 (11.2)32 (9.5)
Feels as if “something in eyes”34 (22.4)68 (36.8)102 (30.3)
Light hurts eyes40 (26.3)60 (35.7)100 (29.6)
Positive ocular symptoms2-150 25 (16.5)56 (29.8)81 (23.8)
Dry mouth2-150 22 (14.5)42 (22.3)64 (18.8)
Persistent swelling of glands2-150 4 (2.7)4 (2.1)8 (2.4)
Drink to swallow food2-150 19 (12.5)33 (17.5)52 (15.3)
Use saliva substitutes > 3 times daily1 (0.7)2 (1.1)3 (0.9)
Take drink to bed25 (16.5)39 (20.6)64 (18.8)
Positive ocular symptoms2-150 40 (26.5)57 (30.3)97 (28.6)
Positive ocular and oral symptoms2-150 13 (8.6)35 (18.7)48 (14.2)
  • 2-150 Questions used for classification of subjects (according to Vitali et al Arthritis Rheum 1993;36:340–7).Frequencies do not add to totals because of missing data.