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Gender imbalance in expert panels of recommendations in rheumatology
  1. Xufei Luo1,2,
  2. Yaxuan Ren3,
  3. Yaolong Chen1,2
  1. 1Research Unit of Evidence-Based Evaluation and Guidelines, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences (2021RU017), School of Basic Medical Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu, China
  2. 2Key Laboratory of Evidence Based Medicine of Gansu Province, Lanzhou, China
  3. 3School of Intelligent Medicine, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
  1. Correspondence to Professor Yaolong Chen, Research Unit of Evidence-Based Evaluation and Guidelines, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences (2021RU017), School of Basic Medical Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu, China; chevidence{at}

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Gender imbalance is a major source of inequity in the society. Inequality is an enduring topic also in medical research, as disparities in the participation of individuals based on their gender may potentially influence the research outcomes. Gender inequality often manifests as a lower representation of women as study authors or even their complete absence from research teams. Underlying causes may stem from differences in educational levels, gender-based discrimination and other factors.1 2 For example, in many countries, women still do the majority of unpaid domestic tasks such as childcare and housework.3 Women with children also face particular barriers to actively participate in research.3

Clinical practice recommendation is instructive documents for guiding healthcare professionals in their practices, developed based on evidence derived from systematic reviews.4 The assemble of a multidisciplinary and gender-balanced expert panel is a crucial step in the development of the recommendations. Members of the expert panel actively engage in the recommendation development process, identifying significant clinical questions, drafting initial recommendations and participating in consensus-building discussions regarding the recommendations. A diverse expert panel serves as the …

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  • Handling editor Josef S Smolen

  • Contributors XL and YC designed the study, were responsible for acquisition, analysis and interpretation of data, and drafted and revised the article. YR was involved in the data acquisition, interpretation and revision of the manuscript. All authors approved the final version of the article.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient and public involvement Patients and/or the public were not involved in the design, or conduct, or reporting, or dissemination plans of this research.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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