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Gender imbalance is a major source of inequity in the society. Inequality is an enduring topic also in medical research, as disparities in the participation of individuals based on their gender may potentially influence the research outcomes. Gender inequality often manifests as a lower representation of women as study authors or even their complete absence from research teams. Underlying causes may stem from differences in educational levels, gender-based discrimination and other factors.1 2 For example, in many countries, women still do the majority of unpaid domestic tasks such as childcare and housework.3 Women with children also face particular barriers to actively participate in research.3
Clinical practice recommendation is instructive documents for guiding healthcare professionals in their practices, developed based on evidence derived from systematic reviews.4 The assemble of a multidisciplinary and gender-balanced expert panel is a crucial step in the development of the recommendations. Members of the expert panel actively engage in the recommendation development process, identifying significant clinical questions, drafting initial recommendations and participating in consensus-building discussions regarding the recommendations. A diverse expert panel serves as the …
Handling editor Josef S Smolen
Contributors XL and YC designed the study, were responsible for acquisition, analysis and interpretation of data, and drafted and revised the article. YR was involved in the data acquisition, interpretation and revision of the manuscript. All authors approved the final version of the article.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient and public involvement Patients and/or the public were not involved in the design, or conduct, or reporting, or dissemination plans of this research.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
Supplemental material This content has been supplied by the author(s). It has not been vetted by BMJ Publishing Group Limited (BMJ) and may not have been peer-reviewed. Any opinions or recommendations discussed are solely those of the author(s) and are not endorsed by BMJ. BMJ disclaims all liability and responsibility arising from any reliance placed on the content. Where the content includes any translated material, BMJ does not warrant the accuracy and reliability of the translations (including but not limited to local regulations, clinical guidelines, terminology, drug names and drug dosages), and is not responsible for any error and/or omissions arising from translation and adaptation or otherwise.