Statistics from Altmetric.com
Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are at greater risk of major cardiovascular (CV) events, predominantly due to accelerated atherosclerosis, underpinned by inflammation and RA disease factors and also heart failure.1 Overall, modest event rate has necessitated the use of surrogate CV abnormalities of increased CV risk including arterial stiffness. Increased arterial stiffness is well recognised in established RA,2 with early, similar reports using comprehensive and reliable cardiac MRI (CMRI) in our treatment-naïve, early onset RA cohort.3 Autopsy, histopathological and clinical studies in general population and RA cohorts with and without CV disease (CVD) suggest citrullinated proteins as a mechanism for atherosclerosis, including presence of citrullination within the atherosclerotic plaque of subjects without RA.4 5 We hypothesised that individuals with circulating anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) but no systemic inflammation (of RA typically associated with increased CV risk) also demonstrate …
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.