Objective: To investigate and compare the prevalence, comorbidities and management of gout in practice in the UK and Germany.
Methods: A retrospective analysis of patients with gout, identified through the records of 2.5 million patients in UK general practices and 2.4 million patients attending GPs or internists in Germany, using the IMS Disease Analyzer.
Results: The prevalence of gout was 1.4% in the UK and Germany. Obesity was the most frequent comorbidity in the UK (27.7%), but in Germany the most common comorbidity was diabetes (25.9%). The prevalence of comorbidities tended to increase with serum uric acid (sUA) levels. There was a positive correlation between sUA level and the frequency of gout flares. Compared with those in whom sUA was <6 mg/dl, odds ratios for a gout flare were 1.33 and 1.37 at sUA 6-7 mg/dl, and 2.15 and 2.48 at sUA >9 mg/dl in the UK and Germany, respectively (p<0.01).
Conclusions: The prevalence of gout in practice in the UK and Germany in the years 2000-2005 was 1.4%, consistent with previous UK data for 1990-1999. Chronic comorbidities were common among patients with gout and included conditions associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease, such as obesity, diabetes and hypertension. The importance of regular monitoring of sUA in order to tailor gout therapy was highlighted by data from this study showing that patients with sUA levels ≥6 mg/dl had an increased risk of gout flares.
- uric acid
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.