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Gout in the UK and Germany: prevalence, comorbidities and management in general practice 2000-2005
  1. Lieven Annemans (lieven.annemans{at}
  1. Ghent University, Belgium
    1. Erik Spaepen
    1. Ims Health, Belgium
      1. Marion Gaskin
      1. Ims Health, United Kingdom
        1. Mireille Bonnemaire
        1. Ipsen, France
          1. Vanessa Malier
          1. Ipsen, France
            1. Thomas Gilbert
            1. ipsen, United States
              1. George Nuki
              1. University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom


                Objective: To investigate and compare the prevalence, comorbidities and management of gout in practice in the UK and Germany.

                Methods: A retrospective analysis of patients with gout, identified through the records of 2.5 million patients in UK general practices and 2.4 million patients attending GPs or internists in Germany, using the IMS Disease Analyzer.

                Results: The prevalence of gout was 1.4% in the UK and Germany. Obesity was the most frequent comorbidity in the UK (27.7%), but in Germany the most common comorbidity was diabetes (25.9%). The prevalence of comorbidities tended to increase with serum uric acid (sUA) levels. There was a positive correlation between sUA level and the frequency of gout flares. Compared with those in whom sUA was <6 mg/dl, odds ratios for a gout flare were 1.33 and 1.37 at sUA 6-7 mg/dl, and 2.15 and 2.48 at sUA >9 mg/dl in the UK and Germany, respectively (p<0.01).

                Conclusions: The prevalence of gout in practice in the UK and Germany in the years 2000-2005 was 1.4%, consistent with previous UK data for 1990-1999. Chronic comorbidities were common among patients with gout and included conditions associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease, such as obesity, diabetes and hypertension. The importance of regular monitoring of sUA in order to tailor gout therapy was highlighted by data from this study showing that patients with sUA levels ≥6 mg/dl had an increased risk of gout flares.

                • Gout
                • management
                • prevalence
                • uric acid

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